Guest Blog: Writing Against Captivity: Phillis Wheatley

A timely post to the blog Interesting Literature. In the Comments section, Linker adds this insight: “Wheatley wrote during a period called the “Cult of Sensibility” that was especially important to anti-slavery movements in England and America in the late eighteenth century. The idea behind sensibility was to create empathy for the sufferer through vicarious, or shared feeling. In literary texts, this was achieved through the power of the imagination.” This is a good quote to have at the ready when someone asks what is the purpose of fiction.

Interesting Literature

By Laura Linker

Phillis Wheatley (1753-84), an eighteenth-century black slave taught to read by her owners, composed over 100 poems in her lifetime, many of them drawing on the Bible as a source of infallible authority. The first slave to publish a book, Wheatley often urges America to repent of its participation in the slave trade. (She was also the originator of ‘Columbia’ as a term for America, which she invented in her 1776 poem ‘To His Excellency George Washington’.) Steeped in western canonical authors, including Ovid, Virgil, Shakespeare, and Milton, she draws on classical and religious allusions to challenge legal and social limitations that denigrate slaves, adopting established poetical forms only to use them as sites of resistance. Her poetry demonstrates remarkable technique and learning.

Wheatley

One of her most interesting poems, ‘On Imagination’, employs art as a means of freeing the mind and the muse, conceptualized as a figure…

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